Changes after BEAM Surgery

Change in Glucose level in the Brain

After  BEAM,  acetylcholine, (  an enzyme in the hypothalamus) has an

important role in the release of glucagon, which together with cortisol will

control the gluco-regulatory function of the hypothalamus-pituitary-thyroid

axis in the brain. This axis is an interconnection of neuron messages

that stimulate hormone release from the three glands in the brain stem.

Acetylcholine is widely distributed in the central nervous system and

is particularly implicated in memory circuits, the reward (“reward”) response

and extrapyramidal circuits, and the peripheral nervous system at

the level of the autonomic nervous system.

Changes to the Tyrosine Function

Tyrosine is a nonessential amino acid. In the brain, tyrosine is used to synthesize

a class of neurotransmitters known as catecholamine’s, which includes

adrenaline, norepinephrine, and dopamine. When adrenaline is eliminated

from the bloodstream and noradrenaline by 20 percent, the tyrosine chain

responds by producing the right amount of dopamine in the brain.

Changes to the Brain Neurons

BEAM produces a new neural oscillation (the act of regularly moving

from one position to another and back to the original position) and an

electrochemical change in the brain. The neuronal oscillation is an essential

part of the design of the brain. The neuronal oscillation facilitates

neural synaptic plasticity and consolidation of long-term information.

Neurons can generate action potentials in a sequence called multiple

spike trains that share results from changes in the electrical potential of

the membranes. These rail spikes are the basis for information transfer in

the brain and in the neural code. The spike trains can develop all kinds of

patterns, reversing rhythms, and often show oscillatory activity.

The oscillatory activity in individual neurons is also observed in subthreshold

fluctuations in membrane potentials. These rhythmic changes

in the membrane potential do not reach the critical threshold and therefore

do not give rise to the action of potential. They are synchronous

postsynaptic potentials that are intrinsic properties of the neuron.

Hormonal Changes

Changes in the circadian rhythm of cortisol levels, enhanced synaptic

plasticity, plasticity dopaminergic, HPA axis functioning, and the autonomic

system is stimulated to function with another rhythm after BEAM

surgery.

Cortisol, a hormone secreted by the adrenal cortex through a psychological

circadian rhythm, modulates plastic neuronal adaptation to

environmental stimuli during the day. Conversely, high levels of cortisol

during the day and night lead to a reduction of neuronal plasticity and

the inability of neurons to express and strengthen the synapses with emotional

and negative changes and affective and cognitive functions.

The change in cortisol rhythm is one of the successes of BEAM, resulting

from the disappearance of adrenaline. Cortisol changes the circadian

rhythm to regulate glucose with glucagon, and this promotes the

hypothalamic pituitary function. This corresponds to the physiological

changes that cause immediate responses in schizophrenic patients and

Parkinson patients submitted to BEAM.

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